Child Care

TDA 2.1
Task 1
When a baby is born they have very little control over their body. New born babies have things called reflexed, these keep the baby safe. For example, some nurses/doctors will make sure the baby is healthy. Babies carry breathing and eye reflexes throughout their life, these are developed so the baby is able to breath oxygen in and out. The eye reflex is where something goes to close to the face and the babies reaction is to close it’s eyes. Nurses will slightly touch the side of the babies cheek with their finger to see if the baby will instantly turn and start sucking as this is what they do when they need feeding. From birth a babies most physical movements would be wriggling, moving their arms and kicking their legs, as this   is what they did inside the womb. From birth to 1 years old babies don’t talk or say words. They make different sound’s with their mouths. They also start to develop emotions such as, if the mother or father put the baby down in their crib/cot, the baby might cry as they want to be picked back up and cuddled. They will also cry if they’re hungry or if they need changing.
From 1-3 years old babies start to move a lot more. They develop lots more physical skills, such as throwing, sitting up, crawling, walking, climbing, hitting.. Babies tend to start walking at the age of 2+. They start to develop new words such as mam, dad, objects, different foods. They may say ‘’up’’ or ‘’down’’ if they want to be picked up or put down. If babies have cousins or a friend of the mother has a baby and the two babies are sat together they tend to play with each other and talk to each other. You might not be able to understand what they’re both saying but they are talking. From ages 1-3 they start to develop a bad behaviour. For example, if they   don’t want to go to bed they might start throwing a tantrum and may start screaming and shouting very loud. If you tell them ‘no’ in a stern voice if they are doing something wrong, they...