Child and Young Persons Development



It is important to know the main stages and aspects of a child's and young person's development as a teaching assistant.   It is also important that you know, understand and follow the legal organisational requirements of the school for example EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage) and the National cirruculum.   The following information confirms my understanding of child and young person development.

1. Know the main stages of child and young person development

1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years to include; a) Physical development b) Communication and intellectual development   c) Social, emotional and behavioural development.

The expected pattern of a child's development can be divided into five aspects:

Social Physical Intellectual Communication and language Emotional, this is referred to as SPICE.

The definitions for the mnemonic SPICE are:-

Social - developing the socialisation process, self control and discipline.

Physical - the development of fine motor skills and gross motor skills.

Intellectual - the development of cognitive processing, storing and gaining of information.

Communication and language - to be able to impart information and engage to learn.

Emotional - the development of personality and temperament.

Their development pattern is then determined by their age, which is divided into age groups;

0-3 months, 3-9 months, 9-18 months, 18 months - 2years, 2-3 years, 3-5 years, 5-7 years, 7-12 years, 12-16 years and 16-19 years.

The following shows some of the expected development for the age groups using SPICE and their comparison:-

Social Development

Age Range Milestone

0 - 3 months Cries to communicate needs to others, stops crying to listen to others.

3 - 9 months Communicates with others by making noises, responds to own name.

9 - 18 months Communicates using...