Cheryls Test

Policy: UST 616

Policy Mid-Term
Cheryl Walcott

  1. The 2009 U.S. Census Bureau announced that Cleveland lost nearly 10% of its population this decade! An “alarming, trend-setting” pace. The fastest rate of decline of any major American city except New Orleans.   In 1910, research proves that Ohio thrived with innovation and growth, especially in Cleveland. At that time, more than 560,000 people lived here. The people worked hard. They built schools, stores and churches.   By 1920, it has been said that more than 1/3 of Cleveland residents had been born in another country.   Foreign born residents in the Cleveland Metropolitan area had made an impression on Northeast Ohio’s landscape. Immigrants played key roles as innovators and job creators and impacted both our economy and culture. Today, research says, only 5% of the residents in greater Cleveland are foreign born. As the proportion of locals claiming a foreign birth sits near the lowest mark in a century, the economy suffers. Although, this small number of foreign born and immigrant workers have held on to economic contribution well throughout the recession(s). Research says between 2000 and 2002, the foreign born unemployment rate rose 2 percentage points to 6.9%.   This compares favorably with the native unemployment rate, which rose 1.8 points to 6.1 %.
  2. It is very hard to find research speaking to the topic of my choice (Reentry and Immigration), but I will tackle this question, however. My response to question number one is influenced, mostly by facts stated in the research. A new report from a non-profit, non-partisan California think tank (Public Policy Institute of California, 2010, 25, Feb.), finds that immigrants, both legal and undocumented, have lower rates of incarceration and criminal activity in California the U.S. born population. It is reported that many of today’s children of immigrants, both first and second generations, confront a complex set of...