How has your understanding of the consequences of change, been shaped by the texts you have studied this year?

Change, whether physical, attitudinal, or social has consequences for individuals, society, and the world. The consequences of change have been explored in the novel The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas by John Boyne and the song Big Yellow Taxi by Joni Mitchell. My understanding of the nature of change and its impact, both positive and negative, has been strengthened through an examination of the way attitudes towards physical and social change are altered throughout both texts.

John Boyne’s The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas depicts physical change as a result of WWII, illustrating its negative consequences for the world. The use of imagery in “The white paint was cracked and peeling away… unlike the paintwork… in Berlin” demonstrates the contrast between the two locations and reflects Bruno’s internal feelings of bitterness and resentment towards moving, portraying the decaying political and social world outside. In the same way, contrast showcases the differences in physical appearance between Shmuel and Bruno as presented in “Bruno…his hand appeared healthy and full of life. Shmuel’s hand, however told a very different story”. This contrast conjointly denotes their differing experiences of life. However, Bruno physically grows taller which is symbolic of him now being able to “see” the world with more clarity as his wisdom of ‘Out-With’ is heightened. This is conveyed through “Bruno realised he wasn’t quite as small…he could look through the window…” Similarly, Gretel had also grown up, as seen through the change of her room presentation in “Gretel had decided that she didn’t like dolls anymore… In their place she had hung maps of Europe that Father had given her” which is evidence of her assumed brainwash through propaganda and the teachings of Herr Liszt. Thus, these physical changes reflect the negative internal changes and awareness of each...