Chad's History

Emily Randall
May 18, 2010
Period 2

The continent of Africa has always been raised in havoc.   Amongst these countries that are undergoing these atrocities is Chad.   Chad is located directly under Libya and is barely liable to be in sub-Saharan Africa.   Like all the countries in Africa, Chad has its shares of misfortunes.   In this essay, you will learn how Chad became the way it was and how it is today.
In the age of imperialism, France claimed the land that is now Chad and dubbed it the French Equatorial Africa.   The French were interested in the agricultural benefits that came with Chad and therefore education for the Chadian children was virtually nonexistent.   Though, after World War II ended, the Chadian people began to make their own political parties and the French began to feel intimidated.   In the 1960s, Chad gained its independence from France and became its own country.   The political party that was ideal to France before Chad's independence became the dominant political party afterwards.   The new president, president Tambalbaye, made little to no effort to help the people of Chad and with that the FROLINAT, or Chadian rebels, were created.   By the mid-1970s the president was overthrown and by 1975 he was murdered by the very people that he personally selected to serve in his army.
As an economic power, Chad often suffers from bad geographic location, drought and competition.   Before 2003, the main exports were livestock and agricultural items.   Though, as of 2003, Chad's main exports became oil due to the new wells opened up in rural Chad.   Chad's main trading partner is Libya which supplies them with manufactured goods and livestock.   Though, because of the competition in the oil industry, Chad soon hit an economic downfall.   It's not helpful that Chad's gross rate per capita is considerably low and the economy is experiencing inflation.   Though the economy has hit...