Celta Assignment -1 Focus on Language

1. Model sentence:    

  I’ll have finished the project by Friday.   ( upper intermediate)

Analysis of meaning:  

We use the Future Perfect to express that an action has started sometime in the past, which is still going on and it will end at some point in future. It is often used with “by+ time reference”.


I have started working on a project . I am still working on it ,but I am sure that I will finish it before Friday.

Checking Meaning:  

Did I finish working on my project? (No)

Do I know when I will finish my project? (Yes, by Friday)

Will I finish the project on Saturday? (No)

I’ve started _______________>___________________/
working on a project             still working on will have finished by Friday      


I will have finished the project by Friday.

Subject+ will have+ past participle… + by+ time reference


I’ll have finished   the project by Friday.
/aɪlhəv fiːnɪʃd/                     /baɪ/

The teacher needs to show linking between I + will= I’ll and to help with the pronunciation of “finished”.

2. Model sentence:

You shouldn’t have told her!                                   (Intermediate)

Analysis of meaning:

You told her something which was wrong thing to have told. To criticize actions in the past, we use these type of sentences.

Your sister told you a secret. She requested you not to tell to your mother, but you have told that secret to your mother. Your mother was upset with your sister. Now your sister is criticizing your past action by telling you that “you shouldn’t have told her! “

Checking meaning:

Did you tell the secret to your mother? (YES)

Was it wrong or right thing to do?   (WRONG)

Did you tell something which you shouldn’t have told? ( student’s answers)


You shouldn’t have told her.

Subject+modal verb should/ should not (=shouldn’t)+ have + past participle

“should” doesn’t change for third...