Carl Rogers

Introduction to Counselling Theory

Unit Two

Peter Flanagan

Table of Contents

Task 1 – Historical Context and Background of Person Centred Counselling 3

Task 2 – Key Concepts in the Person Centred Approach 4

Task 3 – The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Therapeutic Change 6

Task 4 – Aspects of the Self-Concept within Person Centred Counselling 7

Task 5 – Person Centred vs. Other Approaches to Counselling 9

Task 6 – The Dangers of Using Different Approaches Without Adequate Training 11

General Conclusion 11

Bibliography 12

Task 1 – Historical Context and Background of Person Centred Counselling  

The Person-Centred Approach was developed by Carl Rogers, the Person-Centred approach was initially described as non-directive, moving away from the idea that the therapist was the expert and trusting in people to be able to find fulfilment of their own personal potential. The Person-Centred approach is Carl Rogers’ unique approach to understanding personality and human relationships. Rogers preferred the term ‘client’ to ‘patient’ moving away from others views on how the therapy should commence. PC is seen as different to other therapies as Rogers believed in the client reaching their own potential by the therapist being non-directive and allowing the client to make the right choices for themselves, regardless of the therapists own values, ideas and beliefs. In 1940 Person-Centred therapy is seen to be born shortly after Rogers accepts a position at Ohio state university as clinical psychologist and full professor. This approach has been applied in many areas such as psychotherapy and counselling (client centred), education and other group settings. Carl Rogers was influenced by many people in his development of his approach, he was influenced by Otto Rank who advocated that treatment be patient centred, not therapist centred. Rogers was also influenced by Jessie Taft who was a student of Ranks and she was also known for...