Care Skills

The care we giving must always be of the same standard. It should not be better or worse for one person than another. The support must change for different needs but this does not mean giving a different           standard of care.
The needs of an Older Person
  a) Physical
  b) Intellectual
  c) Emotional
  d) Social
  e) Spirtua

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

  * Activities of Daily Living
  * Continence Care
  * Communication
  * Catheter Care
  * Mouth Care
  * Personal Hygiene
  * Assisting with eating
  * Social Interaction
  * Using Equipment Correctly and Safely
Keeping yourself, or someone you are caring for, clean is essential for good health. Poor hygiene can cause skin complaints and infections, and be a source of discomfort and low self-esteem.
Help with washing and bathing
For most people, washing is a very private activity. If you are helping someone else wash or bathe, be sensitive and try to maintain their dignity.
To make bathing and washing as pleasant and comfortable as possible, you might consider:
  * using pleasant-smelling shampoo, bubble bath or soap
  * playing music the person you care for likes and is familiar with
  * if the person you're washing is confused, explaining what's happening as you go along
  * being sensitive to their mood

Safety when washing or bathing
If you or the person you're looking after has limited mobility or problems balancing, make sure:
  * the floor is not slippery (dry it if necessary) 
  * the room is a comfortable temperature 
  * the water is comfortably warm – older people particularly feel the cold, so bear this in mind when adjusting the temperature
  * the locks are removed from the door – you or the person you care for may want privacy, but other people may need access in an emergency
Going to the toilet
Going to the toilet (toileting) is an...