Capital Punishment

Human Rights - Capital Punishment

The Humans Rights Issue I have chosen to discuss today
is Capital Punishment.

Quite simply, capital punishment is the death penalty given
by the government of a country, via their legal system, to
people who have committed the most evil of crimes.

Many countries have abolished the death penalty from their
laws, but there are many that remain which still practice the
act of killing a person as punishment for their crimes.

The death penalty remains prevalent as a legal sentence in
the USA (but it has been outlawed in many US States), and
many Asian and Middle Eastern countries. Thirty eight of the
US States still have the death penalty on their books.
Some governments and legal systems around the world
think that punishment by death is necessary for those who
have committed a terrible crime.

There are other countries who consider the death penalty
as an immoral act that goes against the values of humanity.

The UN moratorium on the death penalty resolution was
presented by the European Union in partnership with eight
co-author member States to the General Assembly of the
United Nations, calling for general suspension (not abolition)
of capital punishment throughout the world. It was twice affirmed:
first, on 15 November 2007 by the Third Committee, and then
subsequently reaffirmed on 18 December by the United Nations
General Assembly resolution.

It calls on States that maintain the death penalty to establish a
moratorium on the use of the death penalty with a view to abolition,
and in the meantime, to restrict the number of offences which it
punishes and to respect the rights of those on death row. It also
calls on States that have abolished the death penalty not to
reintroduce it. Like all General Assembly resolutions, it is not binding
on any state.

On 18 December 2007, the United Nations General Assembly voted
104 to 54 in favour of resolution, which...