Business Law- Torts

Intentional tort- The defendants are liable if an action is intentional .They are liable for the intentional tort of battery. Under this doctrine, the law transfers the perpetrator’s intent from the target person to the actual victim of the act.

Merchant Protection Statue -   this statuatory “shopkeeper’s privilege” permits merchants to stop, detain and investigate suspected shoplifters without being held liable for false imprisionment if (1) there are reasonable grounds for the suspicion, (2) the suspect is only detained for a reasonable time, and (3) the investigation is conducted in a reasonable manner.

Trespass – The fact that someone is acting unlawfully while intruding does not justify use of an object intended to injure unless other circumstances are presented.

Assault (can be crime and tort)- Generally, a person commits criminal assault if he purposefully, knowingly, or recklessly inflicts bodily injury upon another; if he negligently inflicts bodily injury upon another by means of dangerous weapon; or if through physical menace, he places another in fear of imminent serious bodily injury . A person commits tortious assault when he engages in "any act of such a nature as to excite an apprehension of battery [bodily injury]

Battery is An act which, directly or indirectly, is the legal cause of a harmful contact with another's person makes the actor liable to the other, if:(a) the act is done with the intention of bringing about a harmful or offensive contact or an apprehension thereof to the other or a third person, and(b) contact is not consented to by the other or the other's consent there to is procured by fraud or duress, and (c) the contact is not otherwise privileged.

Negligence – the law provides that in order for a defendant to be held liable for negligence, he must owe the plaintiff a duty of care and must breach this duty.
•         Duty of care -is a legal obligation imposed on an individual requiring that they adhere to a standard...