Self Directed Learning Paper - Bullying
Bullying is any repeated action against an individual or group of people that is done with the intent to hurt, offend or upset a victim leading them to feel threatened, distressed or harmed in some way. It can put great stress on young people’s lives as it is becoming more frequent within schools with approximately one third of American children reporting being victims of bullying (Newman, 2005, pg-343). Bullying can occur in any setting and is very common in schools. This paper investigates the different components of bullying with a focus on how school counsellors can help prevent the issue and take the necessary steps to reduce the occurrence.

It is important to recognize and understand the dynamics of bullying, specifically the bully, victim, and bystander profiles.

School bullies usually exhibit bullying behaviours so they will be perceived as popular or tough by their fellow students. Often a bully will have low self-esteem or have been bullied previously and they are acting in such a way to make themselves feel more powerful. Researchers have identified that bullies have certain characteristics such as quickness to anger and use of force, addiction to aggressive behaviours, mistaking others' actions as hostile and concern with preserving self image (Hazler, Carney, Green, Powell, & Jolly, 1997, pg 3-12). If not detected and helped these people will continue this bad behaviour into the workplace and adulthood believing there is nothing wrong with their actions.

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BullyIng In School
It was a bright sunny Saturday morning. All the neighborhood children were playing soccer at the homeowners' picnic. There was a new kid on the block; a quiet fellow by name of Mustafa. I saw him sitting with him mother the whole time. He never came to play with the other children. I automatically termed him a ‘mama's boy'. So I invited him to play with us. At first he...