Biological Factors & Environmental Factors

As a child grows there are a number of factors that can impact on this, such as biological and environmental factors.

Environmental factors would be:

1- Poverty

2- Family background

3- Child’s personal choices

4- Education

Poverty can impact on a child’s development because families living in poverty are more likely to live in poorer housing conditions, and they also may have a poorer diet, than those children whom

don’t live in poverty. If a child is growing up in poverty it can affect every area of development for them. Majority of children living in poverty go without meals, toys and clothes that children living in households with a higher income. They are more likely to live in areas with fewer shops, leaving the children with either no or little space to play. Due to not eating a healthy balanced diet, or going with no meals are more likely to be under-weight and shorter, compared to other children. It is said that children who live in poverty won’t do as well in school and have poor attendance, compared to those who live in households with a higher income.

Family background can also impact on a child’s development because all children need to receive unconditional love and affection, to feel safe and secure in their homes and opportunities to play.

Children’s social and emotional development is strongly affected by their families and culture. There are some parents who don’t manage to provide their child with the secure base that every child means for a variety of reasons.

Personal choices can have an impact on the child’s development because young people may choose to smoke, drink, and use drugs, all three of these can have a huge impact on their development, especially on their brain.

The education the child receives in their childhood is very important. This doesn’t mean just the education the child received in school, but also at home from their families.

Biological factors that will impact a child’s development are:...