Preliminary Chemistry
Assessment Task 1
Research Task- Report Writing

  Around Australia there are many scientists that work in different diverse fields of science. For many years that have passed lots of scientist that can be either famous or non famous work in different fields to experiment and research to discover new things for the benefits of us humans to make our life simpler.

  As the world is running out of oil the main supply to drive transport and Australia going through an economic crisis, many scientists have tried and examine many fuels to find a replacement for petrol that would have to be environmentally friendly meaning that it should not contribute any greenhouse emissions to the atmosphere. The solution to that was research had to be done to find an environmentally friendly fuel suitable for transport usage.

The scientist that I have chosen is Ben Hankamer that works in the biofuels field. Ben Hankamer studied in the Institute of Molecular Bioscience (IMB), at the University of Queensland. He then became the leader of IMB (Institute for Molecular Bioscience) where his aim was to focus on developing a cleaner fuel system. His is known for his research as a biochemist and protein chemist for producing hydrogen fuel from water.

Biofuels are used not just in Australia but throughout the world. Biofuel were produced to replace petroleum gas as petrol prices were increasing throughout the world, scientists then started to research and experiment to make a new fuel that would make transport that requires petrol run at a lower cost so people can afford petrol.

There are three generations of biofuels. The first generation of biofuels were made from sugar, starch, vegetable oil or animal fats using conventional technology. The second generation of biofuels were made to reduce the use of making the fuel out of non food crops these included waste biomass, the stalks of wheat, corn, wood, and special energy. The third generation of biofuels...