There are many ancient, mysterious and fascinating cities around the world. The great ones
have gone through many changes throughout the ages from their creation and dominance to
devastationand destruction followed by their reconstruction and flourishing. One of these cities is the
city of Beirut.
Beirut is the capital of Lebanon. It is the largest city ranging from 1 to 2 million. This fluctuates because
there hasn’t been a census taking since 1932. Beirut is situated on a peninsula along the Mediterranean
sea north of the Lebanon-Israel border. Mountains stand tall behind Beirut. It is the largest and main in
Lebanon. The Coast is filled with beaches, sandy shores and cliffs located beside one another. Nassif
Kaloosh has been the governor since 2005 and the government, parliament and ministries are located in
the city.
Beirut’s history goes back more than 5000 years. The modern city lies on top of ancient Beirut.
Archaeology began mostly after the 1991 civil war. Now large areas are being excavated. From roman to
Arab rule in 635 to crusaders kingdom of Jerusalem from 1100-1250 AD. Beirut underwent many
charges. Change continued with the ottoman rule well into the 17th century. After the rebellion against
the Ottoman rule Beirut declined to 10,000 people. However by 1882 it began to revive with the help of
Ibrahum Pasha. Beirut started to emerge with commercial and political ties with France. France was very
interested in Lebanese silk and Beirut became a major port with conflicts and fighting on Mount
Lebanese and Damascus, Christian refugees fled to Beirut. This resulted in a change of ethnic content
and in fueling future ethnic and religious troubles in Lebanon. By 1911, Christians outnumbered the
Muslims 2 to 1. (77,000-36,000). After WWI, Lebanon was placed under the French mandate until 1943
when it became an Independent nation with Beirut as its capital....