A great mind makes a great statement, a statement so bold and specific that to renege
on it would almost certainly discredit his ability to be held as one of the greats in his field. He
claimed that he could take healthy infants, put them in a world that he chooses to bring them
up in, his ideal world, and then train them to be anything he chooses, regardless of their talent
and abilities, even regardless of their hereditary traits. That by manipulating the environment,
he could mould them into what he envisioned them to be. An outspoken critic of the
psychoanalytic theory and a philosophy to push boundaries that other great minds before him
laid a solid foundation upon, and thus began a new way of thinking about how we as humans
react and the reasoning behind those actions. But what was this theory really about? And did
other scientific minds support it, or even believe it was possible for it to have any impact in
anyway to psychology – past, present or future?
Behaviourism was initially an American model. A gentleman by the name of J.B
Watson is often referred to as the “founder” of behaviourism, but a modest Watson referred
to himself as merely an advocate and endorsed the efforts of Harvard psychologist B. F.
Skinner’s ideas on the subject as the base to which Watson simply expanded and elaborated.
behaviourisms view on psychology is purely objective, it makes no reference or relation to
mental processes or consciousness. Its position states that in order for psychology to be
labelled a “science” as such, it must focus its attentions on what is observable – on what is
tangible. In other words, what Watson was trying to achieve was moving psychology in the
direction of making it a science of behaviour, not one of consciousness. Although most
theories work on the assumption that human beings have a desire for free will and are moral