Background of Reflective Practice

What is reflective practice, and how can noticing and attending to emotions enrich the quality of practice with children and young people?

Reflective practice:



‘In its broadest sense, reflective practice involves the critical analysis

of everyday working practices to improve competence and promote

professional development.’ (Clouder, 2000)

‘Reflective practice is a mode that links thought and action with reflection.

It involves critically analysing one’s actions with the goal of improving

one’s professional practice.’ (Kottkamp, 1990)

‘[Reflective practice is a] genuinely critical, questioning orientation and a

deep commitment to the discovery and analysis of positive and negative

information concerning the quality and status of a professional’s designed

action.’ (Bright, 1996)

The original definition (Schön, 1983) defined reflective practice as thoughtfully

considering your own experiences in applying knowledge to practice

Moon (1999) defines reflective practice as "a set of abilities and skills, to indicate the taking of a critical stance, an orientation to problem solving or state of mind."   (100)




The Socratic Method:




Reflective practice can be traced back to the Socratic method of enquiry in which questioning and exploration of the implications of another's viewpoint are employed to enlighten the enquirer. Socrates was born in 469 bc and died 399 bc. His method is a way to seek truths by ones   own reasoning. It is a system, a spirit, a method, a type of philosophical inquiry, an intellectual technique all rolled into one. (Christopher phillips).

Although socrates himself never emphasised this as a particular 'method' , the Socratic method is named after him because he did model a philosophy which can be practiced by anyone, an inquiry that allows one to interrogate from many vantage points....