Authors P1

Introduction � Opener containing author and title. Discuss the main issues of your commentary, e.g. devices, in such a way that you are �attempting� to understand the meaning of the work (e.g. the overall effect). Do not present yourself in such a manner that you seem entirely self-assured in the introduction, but rather you have noticed something and plan to explore it further through the commentary. Conclude with the thesis statement.

Literary devices #1 (e.g. Structure, Diction, Imagery) � Open with the general intent of the paragraph � e.g. A uses archaic diction to rectify the Victorian setting. Then, discuss the evidence for this, showing the effects of these devices and the author�s intention with this. The closing sentence should present what device you were exploring and the overall effect you feel this had for the passage, and in its heightening of the �overall effect and intentions� of the passage.

Repeat this for every group of literary devices, mentioning all the relevant devices and aspects (see previous lists).

Conclusion � state that extent of the effect�s effectiveness. Then state the devices that contributed. Then conclude with a clincher.

90 minutes � Write, using proof from the text, in accordance with your previously made outline. Discuss the effects of the devices and show �professional� personal interpretation. Ensure that your vocabulary is eloquent and coherently verbose.


1. The structure of your commentary is probably the single most important way of gaining (and losing marks). Write a strong Introduction and Conclusion (in a similar format as previously described) and ensure that every body paragraph has a strong opener with the intent of the paragraph and a clincher which emphasizes the addition to meaning that the devices provide. This is incredibly easy to do - but if forgotten, it will make a difference in your grade.

2. �So what?� mentality � every single device you mention should have you...