Associate Level Material

Assumptions and Fallacies

Write a 150- to 200-word response to each of the following sets of questions:

• What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking?
  When you make an assumption to something, you’re assuming. It’s a way of thinking ahead and predicting the future, past, or present. I think assumptions out weigh the critical thinking in a sense. I know in my head, when I make assumptions I continue to think more about them. Although, sometimes helps with critically thinking. Assuming can also play a big role in critically thinking too. Ways that I can avoid making assumptions in my critically thinking are try and consider all options. I will also try to not let the past affect my thinking. A lot of times I assume things. When I do, sometimes, it turns out to be the wrong thing. So I definitely need to work harder on trying to not assume a lot of things. The past is usually what messes with my head. That is what I normally go by. I know I shouldn’t it’s just a habit. It’s something I need to break from.

• What are fallacies? How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking?
  Fallacies are just things that people think to be true, but are actually not true. For example, most people think that winter is the cause of the earth moving away from the sun. This is a fallacy because the earth is actually closest to the sun in the winter, it has to do with the tilt of the earth's axis. Fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments are used in logic and rhetoric, a fallacy is usually an improper argumentation in reasoning often resulting in a misconception or presumption. The information should be reliable to avoid fallacies in your thinking. Make sure you do all the research on the information for which you intake. Be sure that it is reliable...