Assignment: Dsm-Iv Evaluation

Assignment: DSM-IV Evaluation

University of Phoenix

Assignment: DSM-IV Evaluation

Case Study One: Schizoid personality disorder
In behavioral framework, only limited effectiveness has been achieved in treatments for schizoid personality disorder.   Role playing and exposure are two methods used for these patients to help them gain a body of appropriate social skills (Comer, 2005).

Case Study Two: Narcissistic personality disorder
This disorder is thought of in psychodynamic theory as characterized by early exposure to parents distant or rejecting toward their child, or by loss of parents through separation, death, or divorce.   The child will compensate for their sensed rejection by building up emotional defenses in which they strengthen the self-image that they are desirable, perfect, independent and have no real need for any close relationship.
By contrast, cognitive and behavioral models hold this personality disorder to be caused by parents too over doting of their children.   With this model, children will learn that their intelligence, talents and skills are so specific and terrific that they build up a self-image that is based on their value being superior to others (Comer, 2005).   Treatment in cognitive therapy requires refocusing the individual away from their own self obsessions into a pattern where they are more understanding and compassionate toward others (Comer, 2005).

Case Study Three: (Hysterical Somatoform) Conversion disorder
Conversion disorder is poorly understood.   In psychodynamic models, two methods of handling with internal conflict and experiences are described.   These are             primary gain and secondary gain.   In primary gain an individual has substituted their feelings of struggle and unconscious fear by causing a physical ailment in them.   In secondary gain the person actually makes use of a perceived illness or ailment as a means of shunning the situations that the individual is fearful of or to gain...