Assess the Reasons for the Failure of the Romanov Dynasty to Achieve Stability by 1917

“Assess the reasons for the failure of the Romanov dynasty to achieve stability by 1917”

The start of the 20th century brought radical changes to the political and social structure of the autocratic Russian Empire. It was a time of regression, reform, revolution and eradication. A short period between the end of February through to the start of March 1917, Tsarist Russia and the Romanov dynasty had come to an end. The Romanov family, who ruled Russia since the seventeenth century was dethroned and the monarchy, was no more. By March 1917 crowds rioted on the streets. The troops ordered by the Tsar rebelled and joined the demonstration, as members of the Duma joined the rebellion; forcing Tsar Nicholas II to abdicate. The reasons to why this occurred are Russia’s military defeats in World War 1, Nicholas’ lack of leadership skills and the regime’s resistance and inability to change.

The first factor is definitely the most significant of these as it triggered a spark for the nation to revolt - World War 1, a defining factor, which led to the collapse of the Romanov Dynasty in February 1917. The defeats and increased hardship of the people of Russia strikes a revolution at this point in time by essentially heightening the discontent throughout society enough for it to revolt.
The Tsar saw World War 1 as an opportunity to rebuild Russia’s faith in his
Authority and regain support for his autocratic rule. Political differences were put on hold as the people of Russia joined to fight the common enemy defending and their country. The urban discontent expressed in number of both economic and political strikes over the first part of the year had also completely vanished.
However WWI was an absolute catastrophe to Russia. All Russia had brought home with them was a mass of humiliation and terrible defeats. Inadequate communication had disconnected the government with the military, the soldiers were poorly equipped and there were major shortages in food supply, as...