Assess the Impact of Stalinism

“Assess the impact of Stalinism on soviet society in the period to 1941”
By Sinisa Alavanja – Modern History 2013
The impact of Stalinism on soviet society was immense and totally transformed the economy, society, culture and the communist party itself. Stalin embarked on radical modernisation, while ensuring a more conservative approach to social policy, implemented ‘social realism’ and ensured his personal domination of the party and state through a process of purges and general terror
Stalin was born in eastern Georgia in 1879; his father was a cobbler and his mother a peasant. They were poor and Stalin had a rough childhood. He did well at school and gained a scholarship to a seminary where he was first introduced to Marxism. From then on he became involved in the underground world of revolutionaries, writing pamphlets and attending secret meetings. He greatly admired the writings of Lenin. Joseph soon became an active revolutionary and became involved in a number of activities to raise funds for the Bolsheviks
By the year 1929, Joseph Stalin had become the sole leader of the Soviet Union. Stalin stated that “We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in ten years. Either we do it, or they will crush us” Stalin wanted everything to change in Russia in a short space of time and that is how the five year plans were put into place which were there to speed up the modernization of the growing Russian economy. Stalin also moved to force the idea of Collectivisation of Agriculture which was brought up to increase output from large farms, to bring the peasantry under more direct political control and to make taxing the peasants more efficient.
Stalin brought up the 5 year plans because his main goal was to industrialise the USSR. Staling felt as if it was vital for the future survival of the Soviet Union and if they failed now the highly advanced nations which comprised of Russia’s past enemies would crush them....