Art History Survey

Art History Survey II         9-9:50

Francisco Jose de Goya was born in Fuendetodos, Aragon Spain in 1746 to Jose Benitio de Goya and Garcia de Lucientes Salvador. Francisco was a Spanish painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and as the first of the moderns. Goya was a court painter to the Spanish Crown and chronicler of history. The subversive and subjective element in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, provided a model for the work of later generations of artists, notably Manet and Picasso. He spent his childhood in Fuendetodos, where his family lived in a house bearing the family crest of his mother. In 1749, the family bought a house in the city of   Zaragoza and some years later moved into it. Goya attended school at Escuelas Pias, where he formed a close friendship with Martin Zapater, and their correspondence over the years became valuable material for biographies of Goya. At age 14, he entered apprenticeship with the painter Jose Luzan.
Goya married his wife Josefa on 25 July 1773. His marriage to Josefa   and her brother Francisco Bayeu's membership of the Royal Academy of Fine Art helped him to procure work with the Royal Tapestry Workshop. There, over the course of five years, he designed some 42 patterns, many of which were used to decorate the bare stone walls of El Escorial and the Palicio Real del Pardo, the newly built residences of the Spanish monarchs near Madrid. This brought his artistic talents to the attention of the Spanish monarchs who later would give him access to the royal court. He also painted a canvas for the altar of the Church of the San Francisco El Grande in Madrid, which led to his appointment as a member of the Royal Academy of Fine Art.
After contracting cholera and a high fever in 1792, Goya was left deaf, and he became withdrawn and introspective. During the five years he spent recuperating, he read a great deal about the French Revolution and...