September 25, 2011
Short Paper
Virtue means to have moral excellence especially in the Christianity religion. Aristotle describes virtue as living in accordance of reason to well-being. It is the act of doing something good with practice and reason that makes us virtuous people. You might ask yourself if virtue is good for you? Aristotle believes that in order for someone to be happy they must have virtue
Aristotle divides virtue into two types, intellectual and moral. Intellectual virtues are things we learn from instruction, which requires reason and thinking and moral virtues are the things we learn from habit and practice, which is based on character. (Aristotle, 21) These two types of virtues have one main goal and it is to behave in a right way and train our selves to become virtuous people. “None of the virtues of character can be present in us by nature, since none of the things that are by nature can be habituated,” (Aristotle, 22). Aristotle believes that no one is “naturally” born with virtue, it is the action of practicing virtues and getting into the habit of doing good that creates a virtuous person. For an example, a person who wants to get better at a sport or receive better grades in school will practice and try and get in the habit of bettering themselves to succeed.
Virtue is the mean (a balance) of two vices, which are deficiencies and excesses. These deficiencies and excesses are known as extremes. (Aristotle, 24) An example he used was courage which is the mean of cowardice and rashness. A person that is a coward is considered to lack the ability to confront and overcome any hard obstacles and a person who is categorized under rashness confronts anything and is not afraid of any consequences. In order to become a virtuous person, one must be aware of these two extremes. (Aristotle, 24) This leads to the three rules that Aristotle talks about in becoming a virtuous person. The first rule is to avoid the extremes that...