Arabic Case Endings

Arabic Cases

If you're trying to learn Arabic cases you will find some useful resources including a course about the three cases and the construct state... to help you with your Arabic grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Arabic. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

Arabic Cases
Learning the Arabic Cases is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Arabic language. But first we need to know what the role of Articles is in the structure of the grammar in Arabic.

The Arabic language has three cases,
The nominative case (subject) in Arabic ‘ar-raf3(u) الرَّفْعُ
The accusative case (object) in Arabic ‘an-nasb(u) النَّصْبُ
The genitive case (to denote possession) ‘al-jarr(u) الْجَرُّ

The nominative case ends on u when definite and on un when indefinite, the accusative case on a or an, and the genitive case on i or in. When indefinite the noun will not be preceded by the definite article Al and it will end on a n, this n however will not be written, instead the vowels u, a, i are written twice, and in case of a when the noun does not end on a
ta   marbuta ة an allif is added at the end.
Infect this is very common in Arabic, many standard phrase are written in this form, like
Welcome مَرْحَبًا
My place is yours اهْلاً وَسَهْلاً

The book
A book
I read a book
‘Ana Iqra’a kitaban
أنا أقرأ كتابًاَ
I read the book
‘Ana Igra’a al-kitaba
أنا أقرأ الكتابَ
I gave him a book
‘Ana 3ataitaha kitabin
أنا أعطيه كتاب
I gave him the book
‘Ana 3ataitaha al-kitabi
أنا أعطيه الكتاب

In normal speech these declensions are not pronounced, so in either three of these you will hear...