Applying Problem Solving

Applying Problem Solving
University of Phoenix
PHL 251
October 20, 2009

When we face emergencies, deadlines, critical situations, and decisions, which call for action, often we respond to our instinct and just as often we make judgments in haste. No matter if the issues are personal, educational or business, occasionally we do not take the time to consult with those "who have been there, done that!" At times we do not investigate the resources available. In problem solving, following guidelines can save time and heartache. How effectively we use these guidelines will determine our chances for a positive resolution to the problem at hand. First, identify and clarify the problem; we must know the problem to solve it. Second, gather information; we must know all the details to come to the correct solution. Third, evaluate the evidence; things are not always as they seem, determine if the information is justifiable. Fourth, consider alternatives and implications; identify the strengths and weaknesses. Lastly, choose and implement the best alternative. In this paper I have chosen to situations that I will use persuasive thinking to solve the problem and the other I will use scientific thinking.
The first situation that I will be discussing is pregnancy, and I will use scientific thinking to solve the situation. There’s a couple who is not trying to conceive a child any time soon, but they do not believe in using protection all the time. Their main reason for that is they believe that because they are married that they should not have too. Also they are both in their prime in their careers, and they believe that a child will change all that. Ultimately they do want children, but just not at this time in their lives. So I have decided to take the approach of scientific thinking to give them a solution to this.
Now first looking at the four steps to the scientific method; observation, hypothesis formulation, experimentation, and verification I will break each of...