Applying Ict in Biology

The chapter contains information on the background to the study, statement of the problem, the purpose of the study, educational significance of the study, and the research questions addressed by the study. Also presented   are the limitations and delimitation of the study. The chapter ends with the presentation of the operational definitions used in the study as well as a description of the organization of the research report.

Background to the Study
In all the history of education, science has held its leading position among all school subjects because it is considered as an indispensable tool in the development of the educated person. Educators give special recognition to biology among the sciences because of its educational values, its close relation to man as a living organism, its peculiar field of experimentation and interrelationships with the other sciences (Akinmade, 1987). As a result of this, biology occupies a relatively pivotal position in the natural sciences and it is one of the requirements to professions such as medicine, pharmacy, agriculture, dentistry and many others. It is for this reason that Bibby (1964) advocated for adequate biology education for every child in the contemporary world dominated by science.  

The importance accorded science, and for that matter biology, in the school curriculum from the basic level to the senior high level reflects accurately the vital role played by the subject in contemporary society. The importance of the subject is not restricted to the development of the individual alone but for the advancement of the social, economic and political goals of countries all over the world.

In Ghana, biology as a subject is known to have the highest number of student enrolments in recent years in   senior high schools. Research findings of Abdullahi (1982) have indicated that student enrolments in biology from 1977 to 1989 have always surpassed the combined enrolment in other...