Aphg Key Terms: Chapter 5

Key Terms: Chapter 5

British Received Pronunciation (BRP): The dialect of English associated With upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
Creole or creolized language: A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Denglish: Combination of German and English dialect distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
Dialect: A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
Ebonics: Dialect spoken by some African-Americans.
Extinct language: A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
Franglais: A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language, a combination of franfais and anglai." the French words for "French" and "English," respectively.
Ideograms: The systems of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or a concept rather than a specific sound as is the case with letters in English.
Isogloss: A boundary that separates regions in which different languages usages predominate.
Isolated language: A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
Language: A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
Language branch: A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or as old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family.
Language family: A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
Language group: A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and...