Using examples from at least three (3) different states, analyze the key features of the “new monarchies” and the factors responsible for their rise in the period 1450 to 1550.
During the middle of the 15th century, Europe was in a time of war and fuedalism. Many European states had a weak central government and needed strong rulers to reestablish order. Several leaders emerged during this time period and helped form the type of government that is now known as a monarchy, thus they earned the name “new monarchies.” There were several factors that helped these leaders rise. Most of the “new monarchies” that arose during 1450 to 1550 used Europe’s weak political state to rise to power. In England, civil war made the government vulnerable to change, allowing Henry VII to rise to power. While England used war, Spain’s monarchy came to power through the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella. France’s Louis XI gained power through both marriage and war. After these three states came to power, they had many features that helped them maintain there rule.
Before addressing each separate monarchy, it is helpful to know the similarities between them and why are all able to be referred to as a “new monarchy”. These monarchies provided order during an unstable time in Europe. Also, they helped end feudal law, uniting the state and giving the people a sense of nationalism, or patriotism. Their law was influenced by the Roman law. They increased there power too, by establishing national militaries and expanding their government bureaucracies.
The “new monarchy” in England, led by Henry VII, began after the end of civil war. The civil war was callled the Wars of the Roses and it was the main factor the allowed the monarchy in England to rise. It was fought between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. The civil war was won by the House of Lancaster led by Henry Tudor, and was then crowned King Henry VII. Because the war...