Judy A. Emeott-Burkett                                                          
Jeff Page
History 201-002
February 23, 2014

Reform movements of the Antebellum Period

The antebellum period happened before the Civil War that began on Friday, April 12, 1861 and ended Tuesday, May 9, 1865, which was a time for the reformation of society and a time for spiritual improvement.   Reforms included the abolition of slavery, rights of women, humane treatment of the insane and criminals, public education and temperance.   The reforms of the antebellum period brought changes, some good, and some bad, in human nature and the American Society.
In the 19th century, school districts were rural one-room schoolhouses with children aging 3-20+ years, and the school year lasted a couple of months.   In general parents were happy with the short school year because the children could continue to worked in the fields of family farms while, urban children worked for wages of which the family depended.   Horace Mann, the first secretary, on the board of education wanted schools to equip the students better for their futures and to shift the burden of the educational expenses from the parents to the states.   The education extended from three months to ten months, the books became standardized, and ages split into different grades based on achievements and grades.   The reformers wanted teach industrial values by requiring students to arrive on time and stimulate healthy competition along with honesty, sobriety, and patriotism.   If students gained an education, the American society will be rid of impurities.   Women started to gain their education to become teachers, Catharine Beecher felt that women are capable of managing a class and by 1900, 70% of the teachers were women.   Although school reform was the avenue to creating the common culture in the Americas, of the increasing...