Ancient Romand and Greek Cultures


Kelly Camara
Unit 1 Discussion Board
Topics in Cultural Studies
AIU Online
January 9, 2010

In this assignment I will be creating a chart comparing and contrasting elements and important features of early Greek and Roman cultures.   There will be examples of some of these features.   The elements of government, geographical terrain, economy and trade practices, art and architecture and philosophical and religious beliefs.   By the end of this assignment the reader will understand the differences and similarities between the two cultures.

Early Greek Culture:
  1. Government:   Ancient Greece was divided into small areas called city-states(Sayre,2010).   The largest of these city-states was Athens.   It was very difficult to travel between these city-states because they were separated from each other by mountains (Sayre, 2010).   Each city-state had its own government.   When these city-states were first formed, they were ruled by a few wealthy men, until they moved toward democracy.   Democracy is the same form of government we have in the U.S.   The word means rule by the people (Richmond, 2010).   The people vote on who they want their leaders to be.   In Athens the people were divided into three different groups:   The Upper Class, Middle Class, and the Lower Class.   The Upper class was made up of male citizens that were born in Athens.   The Middle class was made up of male that were not born in Athens, and the Lower class was made up of all slaves.   Only men who were in the Upper class were allowed to vote.   These elections took place at public Assemblies.   At these Assemblies, the Upper class men discussed laws and spoke of things that might benefit Athens.
  2. Geographical Terrain:   The Greek islands lay to the southeastern corner of Euroupe and were segregated into two peninsulas.   In ancient times, Greece comprised mountainous terrain and a very rugged coastline.   This offered...