University of phoenix |
Philosophy |
Week One Pre Socratic Philosopher |
Shell dunham |
6/14/2012 |


      Anaxagoras expanded upon the knowledge of prior philosophers with his own theories leading to a more comprehensive conclusion for existence of the universe. Anaxagoras was the first philosopher to attach the importance to the concept of mind. His philosophy denied the divinity of all other gods except his principle, mind. Anaxagoras did not accept the sun and moon as divinities. Instead Anaxagoras formulated a molecular theory of matter regarding the physical universe as subject to the rules of rationality and reason. Anaxagoras’ concept of mind was not an unsubstantial, exclusive mental, spiritual, or divine entity. Anaxagoras described his cosmic mind as the most delicate and purest of all things. Anaxagoras asserted that mind even now is where all things are too, in the surrounding plenitude as well as in all things that have been assembled and things that have been disassembled. With this in mind, the Greeks changed their way of understanding birth and death. Everything is assembled from existing things and then dissolved so birth became combination and death became dissociation. This means that any individual thing comes into being by combining preexisting components and is dissolved into its constituent parts when it ceases to exist. In his application of this belief, he came to believe that there was a chaos of seeds of all things jumbled until mind inserted motion, a spiritual component. The universe was created as it gained speed forming a vortex and objects separated out. He concluded that there is a portion of everything in everything. He asserted that all things were together, infinite in number. With this he challenged an earlier belief that the universe was one continuous whole, which was not in the past, only an everlasting unchanging present. Anaxagoras believed his spiritual substance, mind, gave order to the world of...