Algerian War of Independence

Name:                                                                                                               Author 1
                    What Was The Purpose of the Algerian Civil War (1954-1962)?
When after more than 130 years of colonial rule by France, the Algerian War commenced in 1954, Albert Camus was distraught. The second youngest writer to ever win the Nobel Prize was born in Algeria in 1913 and left his homeland in 1942 when the newspaper he voiced his opposition to French colonial policies in was put out of business. At that time, over 1 million European citizens also called Algeria their home, but the French government significantly suppressed the liberty of the 9 million Arabs and Berbers that also resided within the nation’s boundaries. Camus’ goal was to see a peaceful, unified confederation with France that incorporated the native peoples’ rights, but unfortunately, that set of circumstances never came to pass and tragically, the author perished in an automobile accident in January of 1960, so he never even experienced the ousting of the French from the country he loved so dearly. The Algerian War’s purpose was for the independence of the people. It was a war of decolonization that had such an impact, it led to the fall of the Fourth Republic in France. The reasons for this conflict seem fairly straightforward, however, it is not quite so clear cut as the French army fought within its own ranks and the Algerians were fighting amongst themselves as well (Suleiman, web).
A brutal conflict with an incredible amount of bloodshed, the Algerian War was fought with guerilla warfare tactics with many atrocities on both sides. The French had wrested control of the country from the Ottoman Empire in 1830 and incorporated it as a part of France itself in 1848 (Canuel, web). That is one of the reasons this conflict was so...