Adverb Clauses

Adverb Clauses


• I'll go to bed soon.
• I'll go to bed in an hour.
• I'll go to bed when I've finished my book – adverb clause

W.B:   How?
1. He went to the store because he needed some eggs.
2. She makes dinner after she gets home.
3. After she gets home, she makes dinner.
4. John goes to the bank if he needs money.
5. If he needs money, John goes to the bank.
6. They are moving to California because they like the weather there.

Adverb Clause
A clause is a group of words, with a subject and a verb, having a meaning.
An adverb-clause is a group of words which contains a subject and a verb of its own and does the work of an adverb.
Adverb Clauses are subordinate clauses.
• Examples:

I walked today.
The word ‘today’ is modifying the word walked. (When did I walk?)
Today is an adverb.

I walked before the sun went down. (When did I walk?)
Before the sun went down (dependent adverb clause)
VERB: went

All the words perform the function of an adverb.

Adverb clauses cannot stand alone. Adverb clauses don’t express a complete idea.
Adverb clauses: until I fall asleep. (does not give you all the information you need to know. You’re left wondering What until I fall asleep?)
                          whenever my teacher yells.
                          after I walk the dog.

Adverb clauses need to be hooked with independent clauses in order to express a complete thought.

I listen to music until I fall asleep. (I listen to music can stand all by itself) Whenever my teacher yells, I know she’s having a bad day.
I will take out the trash after I walk the dog.

      1. I read because I love stories.
I read because I love Stories.
          My mom smiled                   when I made dinner.
Independent clause                   subordinate clause

• Subordinate conjunctions:
– After, although, as,...