ADHD is an acronym that stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (or Hyperactive) Disorder. Many people see that word "hyperactivity" and automatically presume that an ADHD child is simply a hyper child who can't sit still, and most do not truly understand the implication of the attention deficit part of this disorder.
Brains of people who have ADHD function differently on brain scans than those who do not suffer from ADHD. Brain scan testing can confirm this different type of brain function, and thus make a definitive diagnosis of ADHD. However, because the only clinical testing available to diagnose ADHD is too expensive for most to afford, and too cost prohibitive for insurance companies to pay for, this particular disorder remains among one of the most misunderstood and over diagnosed conditions, particularly among children, and especially young boys. The diagnostic criteria for determining if a patient has ADHD is usually left to observation and a survey performed by the parent. So what is ADHD really?
First, it is true that an ADHD child can often appear hyper, wound up, and unable to sit still. However, all children and even adults have moments of hyperactivity. With an ADHD child though, it goes much beyond just being a hyper or active child. The ADHD child cannot contain or control the body movement and the hyperactivity, and coupled with the impulsive behavior that is also a problem for ADHD children, that hyperactivity becomes problematic.
What differentiates an ADHD child from a typical hyper child is that problematic behavior. A typically hyper child will have periods, especially when engaged in activities that are pleasurable to them, where they can sit still for long periods of time. An ADHD child is unable to do that, even when they would want to do it. Additionally, the attention span and hyper behavior of an ADHD child is often inappropriate for their age.

Research shows that a child who suffers from ADHD is typically 30-45% delayed in...