Active Laering

25 ways for Teaching Without Talking:
Presenting Students with New Material
in Theory Lessons  
Draft 1.0 Feb 2002

Geoff Petty Sutton Coldfield College

A.   Introduction
B.   Why use Active Learning Strategies?
C.   Using the List of Teaching Strategies
D.   List of Active Learning Strategies for presenting students with new material
D (i) Methods requiring very little preparation or resources
D (ii) Methods requiring resources such as handouts or sets of cards.
D (iii) Activities that require a bit more preparation; simplest first
E. Effective Management of Active Learning Strategies to maximise participation.

A. Introduction

Teaching falls into three phases, each requiring appropriate methods.   (See PAR paper)
  1. Present:   Methods to present new material to students, or to encourage them to think it out for themselves.   This might involve facts, theories, concepts, stories or any other content.
  2. Apply: Methods requiring students to apply the new material just presented to them.   This is the only way to ensure that students conceptualise the new material so that they can understand it, recall it, and use it appropriately in the future.
  3. Review:   Methods to encourage students to recall former learning so as to clarify and focus on key points, ensure understanding, and to practice and check recall.

This paper concentrates on active methods to present material to students. Other papers deal with methods for the apply and review phases.

Commonly used ‘present’ methods such as teacher talk can bore students if they go on for too long, so active ‘present’ strategies are particularly useful.   Ideally an active presenting strategy, could include an ‘apply’ activity and be followed by a brief active reviewing strategy.   Then all the learners needs are met in an active way.  

B.   Why use Active ‘presenting’ Strategies?

Research shows that it works:
  * All research shows that we learn by Doing.   That...