Study Guide, Chapter 4
Note: This is but a guide. There may be questions on the exam that are not covered in this guide. All lectures, video clips and the text are fair game for the exam. READ YOUR BOOK. The best answers are answers you have found in the text.
1. How are fear and anxiety different?
Fear is in response to a serious threat while anxiety is in response to a vague threat
2. What class of mental disorders is the most common in the U.S.?
3. What are the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)? How common is it? Is it more common among men or women? The young or the elderly? How is frequency related to ethnicity?
Sleep disturbance, restless, irritability, fatigue. Common in western society, 3% of population show symptoms in a given year. 2 to 1 women to men. Usually appears in adolescence but more common in elderly. Related to income and poverty which is related to race.
4. Be familiar with the different perspectives (Socio cultural, Psychodynamic, etc) of the etiology of GAD. Also be familiar with the research supporting these perspectives.
Sociocultural- develop in people in dangerous social conditions
psychodynamic- all children experience certain anxiety but can be overrun by neurotic or moral anxiety which sets the stage for GAD
humanisitic- anxiety happens when people stop looking at themselves realistically and honestly.
Cognitive- dysfunctional ways of thinking, excessive worry
5. What is the metacognitive theory? The intolerance of uncertainty theory? Avoidance theory? Do the data support these theories? Do people with GAD recognize that their fears are extreme?
6. What is mindfulness based cognitive therapy? Acceptance and commitment therapy?
7. What neurotransmitter is believed to be associated with GAD? Do scientists believe it is this too much or too little of the neurotransmitter?
GABA is low
8. What medications are currently used to treat GAD? What other...