Abdominal Aneurysm

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm 2
            The purpose of this paper is to briefly stipulate the etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostics, and complications of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Others are anticipated medical treatment, nursing interventions, and patient education.
            Abdominal aortic aneurysm is cause by bulging or dilation of the abdominal aorta, which occurs, primarily in the abdominal aorta below the renal arteries. This is a situation whereby the wall of the abdominal aorta is dilated or inflated, causing a damage to the wall. This condition normally is caused because of atherosclerosis which over a long time starts weakening the arterial wall, thereby subjecting the wall to a very fragile and weakened position (Smeltzer, 2008, p.998).
            In abdominal aortic aneurysm about 50% increase in size of the vessel is usually the threshold for naming the aorta for having aneurysm, and the patient with the abdominal aortic aneurysm disease will show the following   clinical manifestations which   include, heart beating when lying down in their abdomen, or they may say they feel an abdominal mass or abdominal throbbing. But another conspicuous one is the dyspnea, the pressure of the aneurysm sac against the trachea (Smeltzer,   2008, p.998).
          Complications associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm usually occur in patient between the age of 60years and 90years, at this age rapture mostly coexist with hypertension with aneurysm more than 5cm.   Other complications could be bleeding, wound infection at the femoral site if surgery is done, or the perforation of the aorta which   may also cause an infection. Severe back or abdominal pain with hypotension, and renal failure (Smeltzer, 2008, p.998).

                                                                                    Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm   3
              In diagnostics, about 80% of the aneurysm can be palpated and a systolic bruit may be heard over the mass....