A6018574 - Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

  1. Define the following types of abuse:
  * Physical Abuse - the use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain, or impairment. Physical abuse may include but is not limited to such acts of violence as striking (with or without an object), hitting, beating, pushing, shoving, shaking, slapping, kicking, pinching, and burning.
  * Sexual Abuse – this is also referred to as molestation, is forcing undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another. When that force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault. The offender is referred to as a sexual abuser or molester.
  * Emotional / psychological Abuse - Any act, including confinement, isolation, verbal assault, humiliation, intimidation, or any other treatment which may diminish the sense of identity, dignity, and self-worth. This is sometimes called emotional abuse.
  * Financial Abuse - Financial Abuse is defined as "the unauthorised and improper use of funds, property or any resources belonging to an individual". Those who financially abuse may be people who hold a position of trust, power, and authority or has the confidence of the Adult at Risk.
  * Institutional Abuse - Organisational or institutional abuse is the mistreatment of people brought about by poor or inadequate care or support, or systematic poor practice that affects the whole care setting. It occurs when the individual's wishes and needs are sacrificed for the smooth running of a group, service or organisation.
  * Self-Neglect - this is any failure of an adult to take care of himself or herself that causes, or is reasonably likely to cause within a short period of time, serious physical, mental or emotional harm or substantial damage to or loss of assets.
  * Neglect by Others - this is the failure to provide necessary care, assistance, guidance or attention that causes, or is reasonably...