A Counselor's Perception

A Counselor’s Perception of Psychopathology
A counselor’s perception of psychopathology is a very important aspect in the counseling field. Over the years counseling as a profession has developed from initially performing guidance and vocational services with healthy individuals to providing education and mental health care to clients with various functioning levels. In today’s society counselors have taken on new roles which include direct providers of mental health services and collaborator with other professions who provides services to those with mental health issues (Erkison & Kress, 2006; Zalaquett, Fuereth, Stein, Ivey, & Ivey, 2008).   In performing these new roles, the clinician must be competent in both psychopathology and of the primary diagnostic systems used in the mental health field.   Clinicians should also be competent in regards to using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder- IV (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) and equally knowledgeable in use of other diagnostic systems as these systems may be helpful in providing case conceptualization, treatment planning as well as evaluations.
The following is the case study of Tina and the discussion of how historic misconception of psychopathology could potentially impact the treatment of this client. Tina a 17 year of Navajo female is experiencing symptoms of depression. Tina has also indicated that she sometimes hears voices which are causing her to perform acts of hygiene. There is also an indication of Tina experiencing symptoms of psychoses which could be drug induced due to her use of methamphetamines. Even though Tina sometimes hears voices she refuses to seek counseling for this behavior instead she relies on her cultural belief to seek treatment from the medicine man.
Through out history there has always been a lot of misconception surrounding the issue of mental illness.   When the word mentally ill was mention, many associated the word with severe cases or...