71 – Understand Professional Management and Leadership in Health and Social Care or Children and Young People’s Setting (Lm 507)

71 – Understand professional management and leadership in health and social care or children and young people’s setting (LM 507)

1 – Understand the theories of management and leadership and their application to health and social care or children and young people settings.

1.1 – Research the theories of management and leadership

According to Peter Drucker (2015, cited in The Prosperous Leader, p xx) leadership is doing the right thing; management is doing things right.   Leadership and management have been linked together, mainly due to the fact that towards the end of the 1990’s there was wide concern about the roles managers would play in developing more successful working practices.   This in turn raised interest in the management of change, which brought about a focus on the need for leadership.   A number of studies have been carried out based on the idea that leaders were born to the role (Martin V, 2003, p 16).   The Early Trait Theory was rejected because it implied that leadership was the right of those with natural superiority.   Behavioural theories, such as those of Tannenbawm and Scmidt (cited in Martin V, 2003, p 18) suggest that people choose a style of leadership ranging from manager centred through to subordinate centred.   Douglas McGregor put forward two view of humans, namely Theory X and Theory Y (cited in Griffin R W, 2013, p 39).   According to Theory X, poor performance is blamed on employee’s failure to demonstrate initiative and motivation; whereas in contrast, Theory Y suggests that organisational inefficiencies must be blamed on management.

1.2 – Analyse how theoretical models of management and leadership can be applied to a range of situations in a work setting.

According to the Trait Theory, some people are born to lead.   Great leaders such as Alexander the Great, Queen Elizabeth I and Abraham Lincoln seem to differ from ordinary human beings in several respects.   For example, they all seem to have possessed high...