201 Child and Young Person Development

*Unit 201 Child and young person Development

A - Physical development
Infancy – Birth to 24 months
Babies will have a busy time developing over the first two years of their life.   Most healthy, full-term new-born babies double their birth weight by four months and triple it by their first birthday. Babies hearing, eyesight and taste develop naturally over the first year. They can normally see things in a range of 10inches in front of them when born and they have nearly full adult eye sight by eight months. Babies tend to develop from the top down, so their head control gets better and their neck control gets stronger. Hand coordination develops which aids them in pulling themselves up and learning to crawl. Once this has been mastered in time it naturally leads to the baby walking. Most children will begin walking around the one-year mark and through the second year as their legs get stronger they will be able to run, walk on tiptoes, avoid and dodge obstacles and stand and sit quickly.

Early Childhood – 24months to 6 years
Babies now enter into the toddler stage and then preschool and continue on and starting school. There physical development over these four years is quite extensive, their babble talk is now developing into clear and better pronounced speech. Children are losing their baby fat and at the age of around three are becoming taller and leaner, limbs are growing longer and muscles are tightening. Gross motor and fine motor skills are developed and refined during early childhood. The brain also develops dramatically in these four years.

Middle and late childhood – 6 -11 years
Strength and muscle coordination develop rapidly over these years, they get better at physical games and sports thanks to their better coordination. They are more physically active over these years and have more energy too. Children continue to grow taller. Baby teeth will start to come out ready for adult teeth to push through.

Adolescence – 10 – 18 years...