19th Century Liberalism
19th Century liberalism was a very complicated and abstract idea first brought upon in the 16th and 17th century by political thinkers like John Locke, Voltaire, and Montesquieu as well as many others. The ideals of Liberalism were captivated in the political and social turmoil of the 19th century. Liberalism in the 19th century was a political viewpoint or ideology associated with strong support for a broad interpretation of civil liberties for freedom of expression and religious toleration, for widespread popular participation in the political process, and for the repeal of protectionist legal restrictions constraining a free market society (Reeve 1). The idea that society has the right to autonomy, and property will in turn will induce free markets and spark innovation and will create overall prosperity and enrichment for society was becoming adapted by countries citizens. Although liberalism wasn’t a huge success in the 19th century for European Liberals, The French Revolution and the Revolutions of 1848, helped show the manifestation of 19th century Liberalism throughout Europe and other parts of the Western Hemisphere.
During the 19th century society in Europe was always under some form of hierarchy rather it be an aristocracy, absolute monarch, or dictatorship. The majority of people in one way or another have always been oppressed. Society truly never had equal representation for the majority of people so people would need to create new forms of government and representation while still maintaining order. Political thinker’s set forth the beliefs that society could never prosper under tough regimes which restrict free will and other necessary freedoms. Harsh rulers, political inequality as well as the enlightened ideology of liberalism gave rise to the reform movement of the 19th century.
As an ideology and in practice Liberalism became the leading reform movement in Europe during the 19th century (Riley 2). Its affluence...