Through changing interpretations and new technology at the sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum we have now been able to uncover the truth about what happened on 27th August 79CE. Archeologists and Historians have analysed many artefacts through, dendrochronology, pollen analysis, methodical numbering and x-rays to help this understanding.
In 1986, Estelle Lazer reassembled over 300 disarticulated skeletons found in the Sarno baths and in the female area of the forum baths. Research from the study included the statistical study on bones to establish the make up of the population. Techniques of forensic medicine and physical anthropology were used to determine characteristics such as sex, age at death, height, and Pathology (signs of disease). The results indicated that equal amounts of age groups and sex were not able to escape the city.
LADY OF OPLONTIS
A single cast was made out of translucent epoxy resin, to see the bones and jewelry of this figure. This cast became known as the lady of Oplontis. The cast was taken to Australia as part of an exhibition on Pompeii. The cast was x-rayed and analysed by Lazer and a team of medical specialists. The study concluded that the figure was a woman between the ages of 30 and 40, she had no signs of dental or medical intervention and she also had a fractured wrist. She would have stood at 1.5 meters tall and wore a gold bracelet and was clutching a money purse when she died.
Sara Bisel worked as a physical anthropologist that examined 139 skeletons on the beach of Herculaneum after being discovered by the construction of a drainage ditch. It was previously thought that a high percentage of the population of Herculaneum escaped the eruption, as there were only 30 bodies in the town.
LUIGI CAPASSO, PIER PAOLO PETRONE & LUCIANO FATTORE
Luigi Capasso, Pier Paolo Petrone & Luciano Fattore led a detailed study on 162 skeletons from Herculaneum and another 296 skeletons...