1.2 Define the Key Concepts and Principles of Assessment

Reference information from a book

1.2 Define the key concepts and principles of assessment
“Key concept of an assessment relate to ideas, whereas principles are how the ideas are put in practice”.

The key concepts (aspects) involved throughout the assessment are as follows:
• Accountability - The assessor is accountable for the learners and the organisation (possibly even to employers if the learners are assessed in their work place) to ensure the assessor’s role has been carried out correctly and as expected. The learners should know why they have been assessed and what they have to do to meet the assessment criteria.
• Achievement - The assessor might be responsible for analysing achievement data and compare it to national or organisational targets and expected to keep record of the learners’ achievement.
• Assessment strategies - Following an assessment strategy for the subject (learner) will ensure the assessor carrying out his/her role correctly and hold the required assessor qualification if applicable.
• Benchmarking - It is target setting that enables comparison the current position/attainment to the accepted standard for the particular subject.
• Evaluation - Evaluation is a necessity in all aspect of the assessment process/cycle in order to inform current and future practice and to provide feedback.
• Internally or externally devised assessments methods: Assessments can be produced either internally by the assessor or other staff within the organisation or externally produced for instance by AO, or examination board. The assessments can be informal to monitor the ongoing progress or formal, which would count towards the achievement/qualification.
• Progression - Progression opportunities always need to be discussed when assessing a learner, for instance towards the next unit, the current qualification, job prospects etc.
• Transparency - The assessor needs to ensure everyone who is involved in the assessment process (including the...