Globalization in China
1. Globalization in China
One of the major themes in international relations studies is the impact of globalization on states' international behavior. Globalization bas pushed states to conform their policies and institutions to certain suggested directions, but the willingness and capability of states to adapt to the logic of globalization vary, depending on their respective resources, skills, and strategic choices. Some competent and adaptive states take active participation in globalization with decisive, institutional, distributive, and structural changes, considering globalization as an opportunity to enhance national competitiveness. Other states struggle to retard the influence of globalization, viewing it as a threat to social China shows both perceptions of globalization – challenges and opportunities-simultaneously. On the one hand, China welcomes economic globalization as a way to enrich national competitiveness and actively integrates itself into the international economic community. On the other hand, China tries to confine the impact of globalization exclusively within economic field, reflecting its traditional concern about the possible political impact of globalization on its regime stability. Given China's dual responses to the process of globalization, Chinese leaders seem to perceive globalization and to approach to it, applying a standard and a method different from those of the Westerners.
As a dominant wave of world transition, globalization requires to coordinate states' international behavior on the basis of 'generalized' principle of conduct, for which states' socialization is a prerequisite. As for socialization, constructivists argue that states' identities and self-interest are socially constructed. They also emphasize the important role of international norms and values in shaping states' preferences and behavior. Multilateral regimes in both domains of economy and security serve as major conduits for transferring international norms...