- Submitted by: Tosin
- Views: 2615
- Category: History
- Date Submitted: 01/31/2010 01:00 PM
- Pages: 3
Compare and Contrast of China and Greco Rome
During the classical period, the Chinese civilization was a politically stable society with a prosperous economy that flourished for years to come. Meanwhile, the Greco Roman civilization was a complex society that had cultural richness but a long line of bureaucrats and leaders. Both civilizations share striking differences and similarities, such as their religious beliefs and political institutions.
Religiously, both these civilizations failed in creating their own unitary belief system. During the Chinese civilization, Confucianism and Daoism were the main religious philosophies. Confucianism emphasized self-control, adherence to a social hierarchy, and social and political order. All of his teachings were abolished during the Qin dynasty due to the creation of legalism, but renewed during the Han dynasty. Confucianism, though, like other religions did not mention the existence of a Supreme deity. The same coincides with Daoism; it mainly stressed and embraced harmony with nature and humble living, but never addressed the presence of a diving being. Differently, the Greco Roman religions believed in a complex set of gods and goddesses who were seen as regulators of human life. This religion never highlighted morality and ethical behavior, but referenced mostly to human passion and foibles. Due to this, the uprising of Christianity came about in Rome under Emperor Constantine. Upper class people became more and more dissatisfied with the polytheistic religions because it lacked spiritual passion and no ethical thought. Nevertheless, both these civilizations lacked interest in religion and focused more on political, cultural and economic prosperity.
From a political point of view, these civilizations were extremely different in their establishments. Although, it was said that the Greco Roman civilization’s political ideas and interest showed similarity to the Confucian values of classical China. China’s main political system used was a centralized government....